Founded in 1924, the University of Trieste is a medium-sized university with a student population of approximately 20,000. The university currently has 10 departments: Economic, Business, Mathematical and Statistical Sciences; Engineering and Architecture; Humanities; Legal, Language, Interpreting and Translation Studies; Mathematics and Geosciences; Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences; Life Sciences; Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences; Physics; Political and Social Sciences. The university is involved in various student and staff exchange programmes with universities in the EU and collaborates with several universities from Eastern Europe and other non-EU countries. It also participates in many research projects at national and international level.
The University of Trieste is among the best universities in Italy for quality of teaching and excellence of research. It was ranked second among the top medium-sized universities in Italy by the 2013 university ranking published independently by Censis and the daily La Repubblica, which takes into account services, scholarships and benefits, infrastructure, web communication, and internationalisation.
According to the Times Higher Education 2013, the University of Trieste is among the top 400 universities in the world and was ranked second in Italy on an overall score for teaching, international outlook, research, and industry income. It is also among the top 300 universities in the world in the Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities 2013 published by the National Taiwan University Ranking.
The Applied Physics group of the Dept. of Engineering and Architecture (DEA for brevity) of the University of Trieste, has a long history of expertise in development and application of advanced simulation tools – CFD and Numerical Heat Transfer – in thermal fluids. In the last few years different methodologies and approaches have been employed ranging from DNS (Direct Numerical Simulation) to RANSE (Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes Equations) for the simulation of turbulent flows. Present research fields of the Applied Physics group of the University of Trieste include advanced methodologies for calibration and validation of cavitation models, performance prediction of marine propellers working in uniform or non-uniform (wake) fields, under cavitating regime, hydraulic and thermal characterization of open-cell metallic foams, using microtomography-based CFD simulations. Mentioned research fields are exactly the fields that are critical for gaining competitive advantage of Turboinštitut.